Seusai Kamu tahu jenis-jenis adverb (kata keterangan), Kamu juga butuh tahu di mana Kamu dapat menempatkan adverb. Oleh sebab itu, dalam postingan hari ini saya mengupas mengenai posisi-posisi adverb.
Berbicara mengenai posisi, adverb dapat ditempatkan di awal, di tengah, alias di akhir kalimat.
1. Di awal kalimat alias klausa
Adverb yang dapat ditempatkan di awal kalimat alias klausa merupakan conjunction adverb and adverb of time. Berikut merupakan contoh-contoh kalimatnya.
I did not care for her tone. However, I let it go.
I began to dislike my course within months having signed up for it. Consequently, I never did well.
Adverb of time:
Yesterday she was very busy, which is why she was unable to meet me.
Tomorrow I am leaving for New York.
2. Di tengah kalimat
Penempatan adverb di tengah kaliwat biasanya seusai kata kerja bantu (lihat 4 tipe kata kerja bantu).
A. Seusai Be (is, am, are, was, were):
Contoh-contoh kalimatnya sebagai berikut:
They are definitely suited for each other. (adverb of certainty)
He is slowly finishing his PhD. (adverb of manner)
The ocean is very deep. (adverb of degree)
You are always late. (adverb of frequency)
B. Seusai modals will
They will probably arrive late. (adverb of certainty)
I will certainly help you. (adverb of certainty)
C. Seusai have/has
She has apparently passed the class. (adverb of certainty)
We have never eaten Italian food. (adverb of frequency)
I have already eaten dinner. (adverb of time)
She has carefully gathered the evidence. (adverb of manner)
D. Sebelum kata kerja
They obviously forgot to read the directions. (adverb of certainty)
He often invites people for Thanksgiving. (adverb of frequency)
We just finished painting the house. (adverb of time)
We methodically checked all the bags. (adverb of manner)
E. Sebelum adjective alias adverb lain
Raffi sings pretty well. (adverb of degree)
Tukul reads quite clearly. (adverb of degree)
3. Di akhir kalimat alias klausa
Penempatan adverb di akhir kalimat alias klausa biasanya untuk adverb of time, adverb of manner, serta adverb of place. Untuk lebih jelasnya, silakan lihat contoh-contoh kalimatnya di bawah ini.
Adverb of time:
Angie likes relaxing at home on weekends.
Our meeting takes place at three o’clock.
I leave tomorrow afternoon.
Adverb of manner:
He wrote the answers correctly.
Raisa plays piano thoughtfully.
She drives competently.
Adverb of place:
They will investigate the crime downtown.
Father is sleeping upstairs.
I’m working in the garden outside.
In a couple of days I will be traveling north.
Semoga penjelasan di atas menolong Kamu memahami tutorial menempatkan adverb yang terkadang tak jarang membingungkan.